Electron Documentation

Docs / Development / Upgrading Node electron@master (847a9c)

Discussion

One upgrade issue is building all of Electron with a single copy of V8 to ensure compatibility. This is important because upstream Node and libchromiumcontent both use their own versions of V8.

Upgrading Node is much easier than upgrading libchromiumcontent, so fewer conflicts arise if one upgrades libchromiumcontent first, then chooses the upstream Node release whose V8 is closest to it.

Electron has its own Node fork with modifications for the V8 build details mentioned above and for exposing API needed by Electron. Once an upstream Node release is chosen, it's placed in a branch in Electron's Node fork and any Electron Node patches are applied there.

Another factor is that the Node project patches its version of V8. As mentioned above, Electron builds everything with a single copy of V8, so Node's V8 patches must be ported to that copy.

Once all of Electron's dependencies are building and using the same copy of V8, the next step is to fix any Electron code issues caused by the Node upgrade.

[FIXME] something about a Node debugger in Atom that we (e.g. deepak) use and need to confirm doesn't break with the Node upgrade?

So in short, the primary steps are:

  1. Update Electron's Node fork to the desired version
  2. Backport Node's V8 patches to our copy of V8
  3. Update Electron to use new version of Node
  • Update submodules
  • Update Node.js build configuration

Updating Electron's Node fork

  1. Ensure that master on electron/node has updated release tags from nodejs/node
  2. Create a branch in https://github.com/electron/node: electron-node-vX.X.X where the base that you're branching from is the tag for the desired update
  • vX.X.X Must use a version of node compatible with our current version of chromium
  1. Re-apply our commits from the previous version of node we were using (vY.Y.Y) to v.X.X.X
  • Check release tag and select the range of commits we need to re-apply
  • Cherry-pick commit range:

    1. Checkout both vY.Y.Y & v.X.X.X
    2. git cherry-pick FIRST_COMMIT_HASH..LAST_COMMIT_HASH
  • Resolve merge conflicts in each file encountered, then:

    1. git add <conflict-file>
    2. git cherry-pick --continue
    3. Repeat until finished

Updating V8 Patches

We need to generate a patch file from each patch applied to V8.

  1. Get a copy of Electron's libcc fork
  • $ git clone https://github.com/electron/libchromiumcontent
  1. Run script/update to get the latest libcc
  • This will be time-consuming
  1. Remove our copies of the old Node v8 patches
  • (In libchromiumcontent repo) Read patches/common/v8/README.md to see which patchfiles were created during the last update
  • Remove those files from patches/common/v8/:

    • git rm the patchfiles
    • edit patches/common/v8/README.md
    • commit these removals
  1. Inspect Node repo to see what patches upstream Node used with their v8 after bumping its version
  • git log --oneline "deps/v8"
  1. Create a checklist of the patches. This is useful for tracking your work and for having a quick reference of commit hashes to use in the git diff-tree step below.
  2. Read patches/common/v8/README.md to see which patchfiles came from the previous version of V8 and therefore need to be removed.
  • Delete each patchfile referenced in patches/common/v8/README.md
  1. Apply all patches with the get-patch script:
  • ./script/get-patch --repo src/v8 --output-dir patches/v8 --commit abc123 def456 ...
  1. Update patches/common/v8/README.md with references to all new patches that have been added so that the next person will know which need to be removed.
  2. Update Electron's submodule references:

    $ cd electron/vendor/node
      electron/vendor/node$ git fetch
      electron/vendor/node$ git checkout electron-node-vA.B.C
      electron/vendor/node$ cd ../libchromiumcontent
      electron/vendor/libchromiumcontent$ git fetch
      electron/vendor/libchromiumcontent$ git checkout upgrade-to-chromium-X
      electron/vendor/libchromiumcontent$ cd ../..
      electron$ git add vendor
      electron$ git commit -m "update submodule references for node and libcc"
      electron$ git push origin upgrade-to-chromium-<VERSION>
      electron$ script/bootstrap.py -d
      electron$ script/build.py -c -D

Notes

  • libcc and V8 are treated as a single unit
  • Node maintains its own fork of V8

    • They backport a small amount of things as needed
    • Documentation in node about how they work with V8
  • We update code such that we only use one copy of V8 across all of electron

    • E.g electron, libcc, and node
  • We don’t track upstream closely due to logistics:

    • Upstream uses multiple repos and so merging into a single repo would result in lost history. So we only update when we’re planning a node version bump in electron.
  • libcc is large and time-consuming to update, so we typically choose the node version based on which of its releases has a version of V8 that’s closest to the version in libcc that we’re using.

    • We sometimes have to wait for the next periodic Node release because it will sync more closely with the version of V8 in the new libcc
  • Electron keeps all its patches in libcc because it’s simpler than maintaining different repos for patches for each upstream project.

    • Crashpad, node, libcc, etc. patches are all kept in the same place
  • Building node:

    • There’s a chance we need to change our build configuration to match the build flags that node wants in node/common.gypi